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    DEFINITIONS
    The Summer Excursion to Gort and its vicinity, as arranged for our Antiquaries this year, will enable them to visit a district rich in historical and archaeological interest. Ancient churches, mediaeval castles, cromleacs, and cahers are familiar features of the district, as well as interesting memorials of the past.
    The selection of Gort as a centre is judicious, though the town is modern, and the name seems to sound more Saxon than Celtic. But "Gort" is only the Anglicized form of a portion of the original name, which, as we have it from the "Four Masters," is "Gort-insi-Guaire," i.e, the "garden of Guaire's island." Dr. Joyce, with his usual accuracy and scholarly research, tells us that "Gort is cognate with the French jardin, the English 'garden,' and the Latin hortus." Guaire was one of the most celebrated of our provincial kings. He was the friend and patron of priests and poets alike; and his name is handed down to us by bards and historians, as "Guaire the Hospitable."
    The king's descendants in the district were known by the tribe-name of Kineal Aedh na Echte, and, as was natural, they cherished the memories of this historic spot.
    Rev. Dr. Fahey, 1905
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    10th Earth Day Aughty Gathering, Gort, 11 April 2015 (jpg)
    Detail from Thomson map of Ireland, 1815.
    Above: detail from Thomson map of Ireland, 1815. Map © Cartography Associates, from the
    Rumsey Collection.

    Left: detail from satellite photo (click for larger version).
    Charon (MIT Project) 1989, James Coleman ©